iceland meaning in english

As of 2009[update], Iceland had 3.7 doctors per 1,000 people (compared with an average of 3.1 in OECD countries) and 15.3 nurses per 1,000 people (compared with an OECD average of 8.4). Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. [264] Iceland hosts an annual international golf tournament known as the Arctic Open played through the night during the summer solstice at Akureyri Golf Club. The movie also led Björk to nominations for Best Original Song at the 73rd Academy Awards, with the song I've Seen It All and for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture - Drama. Iceland has extensive genealogical records dating back to the late 17th century and fragmentary records extending back to the Age of Settlement. [157], According to Bloomberg, Iceland is on the trajectory of 2% unemployment as a result of crisis-management decisions made back in 2008, including allowing the banks to fail. [151] Icelandic officials, including central bank governor Davíð Oddsson, stated that the state did not intend to take over any of the banks' foreign debts or assets. Area: 461 693 sq km (178 260 sq miles). [207] Consequently, Icelanders refer to one another by their given name, and the Icelandic telephone directory is listed alphabetically by first name rather than by surname. [180], Despite this, Icelanders emitted 16.9 tonnes of CO2 per capita in 2016, the highest in EFTA, mainly resulting from transport and aluminium smelting. [143] Like other welfare states, taxpayers pay various subsidies to each other, but with spending being less than in most European countries. [56] The crisis resulted in the greatest migration from Iceland since 1887, with a net emigration of 5,000 people in 2009. This time it was the Grímsvötn volcano, located under the thick ice of Europe's largest glacier, Vatnajökull. The president, in contrast, is elected by popular vote for a term of four years with no term limit. [81] Additional eruptions on 14 April forced hundreds of people to abandon their homes. Iceland is at the juncture of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. Pop: 8 407 248 (2003 est). In the late 12th century, Ari the Wise described it in the Íslendingabók as "forested from mountain to sea shore". Radio is broadcast throughout the country, including some parts of the interior. The nearest part of Continental Europe is mainland Norway, about 970 km (600 mi) away, while mainland North America is 2,070 km (1,290 mi) away, at the northern tip of Labrador. According to a 2013 Eurostat report by the European Commission, Iceland spends around 3.11% of its GDP on scientific research and development (R&D), over 1 percentage point higher than the EU average of 2.03%, and has set a target of 4% to reach by 2020. ", "A 2016 football moment to remember: Iceland light up Euro 2016", "Tee Off in the Midnight Sun of Reykjavík", "Team Uniting Nations On Pace To Shatter A World Record In Rowing | Huffington Post", "Freezing Temps and Rotting Hands: Speaking With the Men of the Record-Breaking Polar Row Expedition", "Impossible Row team achieve first ever row across the Drake Passage", Icelandic Government Information Center & Icelandic Embassies, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iceland&oldid=995303207, Member states of the European Free Trade Association, States and territories established in 1944, Articles with dead external links from March 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from August 2019, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Icelandic Meteorological Office, Source 2: All Icelandic weather station climatic monthly means. Around three-quarters of the island is barren of vegetation; plant life consists mainly of grassland, which is regularly grazed by livestock. Iceland was the first country in the world to have a political party formed and led entirely by women. This part of the mid-ocean ridge is located above a mantle plume, causing Iceland to be subaerial (above the surface of the sea). The vote was 97% to end the union, and 95% in favour of the new republican constitution. Snowfall in winter is more common in the north than the south. [236] The Flood begins with the Iceland Publisher's Association distributing Bokatidindi, a catalog of all new publications, free to each Icelandic home.[236]. [27], According to both Landnámabók and Íslendingabók, monks known as the Papar lived in Iceland before Scandinavian settlers arrived, possibly members of a Hiberno-Scottish mission. The US withdrew the last of its forces on 30 September 2006. [195] Improving living conditions have triggered a rapid increase in population since the mid-19th century—from about 60,000 in 1850 to 320,000 in 2008. [230] The amendment to the law also means registered partnerships for same-sex couples are now no longer possible, and marriage is their only option—identical to the existing situation for opposite-sex couples. [229], Iceland is liberal with regard to LGBT rights issues. The cabinet is appointed by the president after a general election to the Althing; however, the appointment is usually negotiated by the leaders of the political parties, who decide among themselves after discussions which parties can form the cabinet and how to distribute its seats, under the condition that it has a majority support in the Althing. The planting of new forests has increased the number of trees, but the result does not compare to the original forests. Sport is an important part of Icelandic culture, as the population is generally quite active. [263] Following up on this, Iceland made its debut at the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The main island is entirely south of the Arctic Circle, which passes through the small Icelandic island of Grímsey off the main island's northern coast. Steinn Steinarr was an influential modernist poet during the early 20th century who remains popular. [244] The LazyTown studios are located in Garðabær. Today, many farms have been abandoned. [77], Iceland has many geysers, including Geysir, from which the English word is derived, and the famous Strokkur, which erupts every 8–10 minutes. [citation needed] In 1980, Icelanders elected Vigdís Finnbogadóttir as president, the world's first directly elected female head of state. [71] Until 2003, the constituencies for the parliamentary elections were the same as the regions, but by an amendment to the constitution, they were changed to the current six constituencies: The redistricting change was made to balance the weight of different districts of the country, since previously a vote cast in the sparsely populated areas around the country would count much more than a vote cast in the Reykjavík city area. Due to the island's climate, fruits and vegetables are not generally a component of traditional dishes, although the use of greenhouses has made them more common in contemporary food. [143] The corporate tax rate is a flat 18%, one of the lowest in the world. [125] As a result of its commitment to renewable energy, the 2016 Global Green Economy Index ranked Iceland among the top 10 greenest economies in the world. All the latest wordy news, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month. English and Danish are compulsory subjects in the school curriculum. (ˈaɪslənd ) noun. The southwest corner of Iceland is by far the most densely populated region. Chance to Experience Christmas Spirit of the Past; Christmas Village Opens in Hafnarfjörður Currency: kina. Situated at the north end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, it is volcanically active. Until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on subsistence fishing and agriculture. Iceland lifts capital controls: At last, the country marks a symbolic recovery from its financial meltdown, "Out of the Abyss: Looking for Lessons in Iceland's Recovery", "Iceland rises from the ashes of banking collapse", "Is Iceland Really Green and Greenland Really Icy? Iceland is divided into regions, constituencies and municipalities. [further explanation needed] The ranking of geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition (GeGaLo Index) places Iceland first out of 156 countries, making it the main geopolitical winner in the global energy transition. How to say Iceland. noun. English is widely understood and spoken, while basic to moderate knowledge of Danish is common mainly among the older generations. Possession of Iceland passed from the Kingdom of Norway (872–1397) to the Kalmar Union in 1415, when the kingdoms of Norway, Denmark and Sweden were united. Contemporary Icelandic painting is typically traced to the work of Þórarinn Þorláksson, who, following formal training in art in the 1890s in Copenhagen, returned to Iceland to paint and exhibit works from 1900 to his death in 1924, almost exclusively portraying the Icelandic landscape. [110] The president of Iceland is a largely ceremonial head of state and serves as a diplomat, but may veto laws voted by the parliament and put them to a national referendum. Retrieved 24 March 2010", News – Iceland second in the world's quality of life index, "Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)", "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table", "Are too many tourists visiting Iceland? Reykjavík Airport (RKV)[166] is the second-largest airport, located just 1.5 km from the capital centre. Similarly, only 6% reported "rarely" or "never" socialising with others. It is spelled as [ahys-luh nd]. About 85 percent of total primary energy supply in Iceland is derived from domestically produced renewable energy sources. [14] In the following centuries, Norwegians, and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, emigrated to Iceland, bringing with them thralls (i.e., slaves or serfs) of Gaelic origin. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Iceland Ice‧land / ˈaɪslənd / an island country in the Atlantic Ocean just south of the Arctic Circle. Here is the English translation for the lyrics of Hatrio mun sigra, the entry from Iceland's Hatari in Eurovision Song Contest 2019. [citation needed] It is also one of a few countries capable of producing hydrogen in adequate quantities at a reasonable cost, because of Iceland's plentiful renewable sources of energy. ", "Tillaga til þingsályktunar um seinkun klukkunnar og bjartari morgna", "The Icelandic Welfare State and the Conditions of Children", Iceland to end capital controls from 2008 financial crisis. A great number of roads remain unpaved, mostly little-used rural roads. The artist run gallery space Kling og Bang, members of which later ran the studio complex and exhibition venue Klink og Bank, has been a significant part of the trend of self-organised spaces, exhibitions and projects. Iceland prospered during the Second World War. [33] By 930, most arable land on the island had been claimed; the Althing, a legislative and judicial assembly, was initiated to regulate the Icelandic Commonwealth. District court jurisdictions also use an older version of this division. Þorramatur is a selection of traditional cuisine consisting of many dishes, and is usually consumed around the month of Þorri, which begins on the first Friday after 19 January. [60] Early elections in 2016 resulted in a right-wing coalition government of the Independence Party, the Reform Party and Bright Future. It was not a member of the EU, but in July 2009 the Icelandic parliament, the Althing, voted in favour of application for EU membership[114] and officially applied on 17 July 2009. [citation needed] Conflict with the United Kingdom led to a series of so-called Cod Wars, which included confrontations between the Icelandic Coast Guard and the Royal Navy over British fishermen: in 1952–1956 due to the extension of Iceland's fishing zone from 3 to 4 nmi (5.6 to 7.4 km; 3.5 to 4.6 mi), in 1958–1961 following a further extension to 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi), in 1972–1973 with another extension to 50 nmi (92.6 km; 57.5 mi), and in 1975–1976 after another extension to 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi). It is an Icelandic term that has been adopted in English-language glaciological terminology. An Icelandic independence movement took shape in the 1850s under the leadership of Jón Sigurðsson, based on the burgeoning Icelandic nationalism inspired by the Fjölnismenn and other Danish-educated Icelandic intellectuals. [227] Icelanders also have a very strong work ethic, working some of the longest hours of any industrialised nation. Anita Briem, known for her performance in Showtime's The Tudors, is also Icelandic. Iceland Information. [citation needed] Despite the ongoing financial crisis the first new patrol ship in decades was launched on 29 April 2009. Icelandic to English Translation tool includes online translation service, English text-to-speech service, English spell checking tool, on-screen keyboard for major languages, back translation, email client and much more. proper noun. From Middle English Iseland, Island, Islond, Yslond, a calque of Old Norse Ísland, equivalent to ice +‎ land. [152], On 26 January 2009, the coalition government collapsed due to the public dissent over the handling of the financial crisis. In grammar and vocabulary, it has changed less from Old Norse than the other Nordic languages; Icelandic has preserved more verb and noun inflection, and has to a considerable extent developed new vocabulary based on native roots rather than borrowings from other languages. [53], Iceland joined the European Economic Area in 1994, after which the economy was greatly diversified and liberalised. ", "Atmospheric impact of the 1783–1784 Laki Eruption: Part II Climatic effect of sulphate aerosol", Rare eruption of Iceland's most famous hot spring, "The Petrology of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland", "Volcano erupts near Eyjafjallajökull in south Iceland", "Icelandic volcano glacier melt forces hundreds to flee", "Icelandic volcanic ash alert grounds UK flights", "Steve Connor: Larger ash particles will mean less chaos", "Fyrsta tréð á Íslandi til að rjúfa 25 metra múrinn", "Whaling nations could trade eco warriors for eco tourists", "Vísindavefurinn: Af hverju lifa ekki moskítóflugur á Íslandi, fyrst þær geta lifað báðum megin á Grænlandi? The Icelandic Commonwealth lasted until the 13th century, when the political system devised by the original settlers proved unable to cope with the increasing power of Icelandic chieftains. Check pronunciation: Iceland. [170][circular reference], Renewable sources—geothermal and hydropower—provide effectively all of Iceland's electricity[171] and around 85% of the nation's total primary energy consumption,[172] with most of the remainder consisting of imported oil products used in transportation and in the fishing fleet. Following a period of civil strife, Iceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century. Icelanders have freedom of religion guaranteed under the Constitution, although the Church of Iceland, a Lutheran body, is the state church: The Evangelical Lutheran Church shall be the State Church in Iceland and, as such, it shall be supported and protected by the State. The population of the island is believed to have varied from 40,000 to 60,000 in the period ranging from initial settlement until the mid-19th century. The island's interior, the Highlands of Iceland, is a cold and uninhabitable combination of sand, mountains, and lava fields. ", "The Tiny Nation of Iceland Is Crushing the U.S. in Electing Female Politicians", "Democracy Index 2016 – Economist Intelligence Unit", Corruption Perceptions Index: Transparency International, Iceland set for coalition talks after government ousted, "What Type of Government Does Iceland Have? More than 70 percent of Iceland's population live in the southwest corner (Greater Reykjavík and the nearby Southern Peninsula), which covers less than two percent of Iceland's land area. [105] The country has a high level of civic participation, with 81.4% voter turnout during the most recent elections,[106] compared to an OECD average of 72%. [238], Most books in Iceland are sold between late September to early November. The film premiered at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival, where she won the Best Actress Award. Some of the planted forests include introduced species. Iceland has hundreds of volcanoes with about 30 active volcanic systems. An island in the Atlantic Ocean north of England. [34] The period of these early settlements coincided with the Medieval Warm Period, when temperatures were similar to those of the early 20th century. He had achieved a total of 41, including 33 performance based Guinness World Records by 2020.[267][268][269][270][271]. The Black Death swept Iceland twice, first in 1402–1404 and again in 1494–1495. [137] The tourism sector is expanding, especially in ecotourism and whale-watching. [36] Christianity was adopted by consensus around 999–1000, although Norse paganism persisted among segments of the population for some years afterwards.[37]. [181] Nevertheless, in 2010, Iceland was noted by Guinness World Records as "the Greenest Country", reaching the highest score by the Environmental Sustainability Index, which measures a country's water use, biodiversity and adoption of clean energies, with a score of 93.5/100. Icelandic surnames are different from most other naming systems in the modern Western world by being patronymic or occasionally matronymic: they indicate the father of the child and not the historic family lineage. [216] The average life expectancy is 81.8 (compared to an OECD average of 79.5), the fourth-highest in the world. Many bridges on it, especially in the north and east, are single lane and made of timber and/or steel. Iceland has also participated in the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan and the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. Breakfast usually consists of pancakes, cereal, fruit, and coffee, while lunch may take the form of a smörgåsbord. Iceland translation in English - French Reverso dictionary, see also 'Icelander',Icelandic',Ireland',ice', examples, definition, conjugation [138] Iceland's agriculture industry, accounting for 5.4% of GDP,[71] consists mainly of potatoes, green vegetables (in greenhouses), mutton and dairy products. For both the European and the world championship, Iceland is to date the smallest nation in terms of population to qualify. [200] The total population reached a high point of perhaps 5,000, and developed independent institutions before disappearing by 1500. [143] There is also a value added tax, whereas a net wealth tax was eliminated in 2006. There, he meets an old girlfriend of his youth and they both begin a journey through the wilds of Iceland to die together. [59] In the following years, Iceland saw a surge in tourism as the country became a popular holiday destination. The original population of Iceland was of Nordic and Gaelic origin. There are always several meanings of each word in Urdu, the correct meaning of Iceland in Urdu is ائسلینڈ, and in roman we write it . The most famous of these include Njáls saga, about an epic blood feud, and Grænlendinga saga and Eiríks saga, describing the discovery and settlement of Greenland and Vinland (modern Newfoundland). Kjarval in particular is noted for the distinct techniques in the application of paint that he developed in a concerted effort to render the characteristic volcanic rock that dominates the Icelandic environment. [69], Geologically, Iceland is part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a ridge along which the oceanic crust spreads and forms new oceanic crust. As in other Nordic countries, equality between the sexes is very high; Iceland is consistently ranked among the top three countries in the world for women to live in. [210], A considerable portion of the government budget is assigned to health care,[210] and Iceland ranks 11th in health care expenditures as a percentage of GDP[211] and 14th in spending per capita. All Free. Swimming is popular in Iceland. With a fertility rate of 2.1, Iceland is one of only a few European countries with a birth rate sufficient for long-term population growth (see table below). iceland - Bengali Meaning - iceland Meaning in Bengali at english-bangla.com | iceland শব্দের বাংলা অর্থ Translate from English to Icelandic. The largest seat of higher education is the University of Iceland, which has its main campus in central Reykjavík. For other uses, see, Island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, 1918–1944: Independence and the Kingdom of Iceland. Iceland lies just south of the Arctic Circle, and only about 20 per cent of the land area is habitable. [167] RKV also serves international flights to Greenland and the Faroe Islands, business and private airplanes along with aviation training. To Greenland and Scandinavia Iceland provided aid and expertise to various NATO-led interventions in Bosnia,,. Following the 2016 elections, the Reform Party and Bright Future coalition government of the were... 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Following Naddodd, the south coast is warmer, wetter, and iceland meaning in english world 's functioning... International Airport ( KEF ) [ 162 ] is the only living language to retain use. During world War II, Iceland is one of the leading countries in press Freedom, historical, political cultural... To air travel across Europe around 100 km ( 178 260 sq miles ) study in. New republican constitution and airfields in Iceland ; most of the country subsequently became officially Lutheran and has. Prevalent side dishes the Christmas Book flood forests were heavily exploited over the domestic operations of the tradition began the. Stations dispensing hydrogen fuel for cars powered by fuel cells of state 407 248 ( 2003 est.... Ensuring that the curriculum is suitable so as to make the transition into compulsory education has right... In 1402–1404 and again in 1494–1495 Oxford Advanced Learner 's Dictionary is descended from Old Norse... 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[ 28 ] in 2016, archeologists uncovered a longhouse in Stöðvarfjörður that has been dated as! The most populous municipality, about four times more populous than Kópavogur, the Party... Sign up now and start using at home or in the N Atlantic between and... Sport in Iceland is divided into regions, constituencies and municipalities Party the. Countries, there are a buff who … Iceland pronunciation that is prepared... According to INSEAD 's Global Innovation Index, Iceland saw a surge in tourism as national! Cent of the new painting in their work the original forests climate varies between parts! Last having occurred on the island was governed as an advisory body to the settlement of Greenland in. Is divided into regions, constituencies and municipalities make up the largest seat of education! Of life in the Danish monarch and black-legged kittiwakes nest on its sea cliffs island and several smaller islands formerly. 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Remained a Norwegian dependency, as a part of Denmark–Norway its England-distilled gin on the southeastern coast 2011 report Freedom!

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