13th battalion king's liverpool regiment ww2
On the other side was a Japanese officer, complete with sword, pacing backward and forward on the narrow strip of sand at the water’s edge. History of the King's Regiment (Liverpool) 1914-1919 Massive history of the old 8th Regiment of Foot. Machete and scabbard used by Captain FC Freeman during 1944 Chindit expedition. We set to work cutting lengths of bamboo to be tired together with our bedding lines. 2/7th King's Liverpool Regiment (Bootle) At Aldershot Jan 1917 Photos Of The King's Liverpool Regiment A Raiding party of the 1/8th (Irish) ... 13th Battalion (Service) Dundon S J 2nd Lt : Photo Foster C W L/Cpl 95588 : Obituary Friend J B 2nd Lt : Photo and Obituary While she was attending to me she asked why there were no seriously wounded amongst our lot. Planning for a second Chindit operation, Operation Thursday, began immediately. 1 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Jan 1 - Dec 31 1917 1 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Jan 1918 - Apr 1919 2 Garrison Battalion Kings Liverpool Regiment Jan 1917 - Dec 1918 4 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Nov 1915 - Nov 1919 5 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Feb-Dec 1915 1/5 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Jan 1916 - Apr 1919 We all knew this before we went into action.” She then broke down and cried her eyes out and had to leave the room. No-one fell down from that particular tree, but the shooting stopped. 15th Battalion 16th Battalion 177th Company 177th Siege Battery 17th Battalion 18th 19th Battalion 1st 1st Battalion 1st Btn. Due to the on-going COVID-19 pandemic, many planned events and commemoration services will inevitably have to be cancelled or postponed, for updates please see: Receive news about National Museums Liverpool, exhibitions, events and more. Landed at Le Havre 13 August 1914. The Chindit name was derived from ‘Chinthe’, a mythical beast shown on the badge, represented as half lion, half griffin, guardian of Buddhist temples. 1/7th Battalion. A training unit, it remained in U… The related objects pictured here, including the Chindit badge above, are all currently on display at the Museum of Liverpool’s City Soldiers gallery. It soon became apparent that Japan intended to maintain control over Burma and key trade routes to China. The 19th is absorbed into the 14th Battalion of the Kings (Liverpool Regiment). Bn. In good condition. Army: King's Own Royal Regiment, Lancaster - 9th Battalion by WW2_Database. In my post commemorating the 75th anniversary of VE Day I wrote briefly about the Chindits who were the largest of the Allied Special Forces trained in guerrilla warfare, sent into Japanese-occupied Burma (now called Myanmar). He also told us that our last dropping would be this morning. The jungle had few established paths and they often had to hack their way through using machetes and locally made Kukris. My Great Uncle served with the 14th Kings Liverpool Regiment in Salonika from 9 Nov 1916 to 11 Apr 1917. THE KING'S (Liverpool Regiment) 6th Brigade / 2nd Division 23rd July : Bois des Tailles. Please see our other items for more original WW1, WW2 & post war British military cap badges for sale including other King's Liverpool Regiment cap badges. 9th August : In front line in Maltz Horn Farm sector. Originally published in three volumes this reprinted work comes in one softback edition and include a roll of honour of 14,200 war dead. Organised as "rifle volunteer corps", they were independent of the British Army and composed primarily of the middle class. The King's expansion during the Second World War was modest compared to 1914-1918. Up to now there had been no observation of the Japanese in the immediate vicinity of Broadway, but one never knew where the crafty fellows were. We walked up the river bed for about 100 yards when an NCO beckoned us to proceed up the jungle path. Does anyone have any information regarding the battalion in Salonika and what they did ? All rights reserved. Members who served with Kings Regiment (Liverpool) Welcome to Forces Reunited the place where you can find information and friends from Kings Regiment (Liverpool).. We are the largest and fastest growing community of UK forces veterans on the web with over 500,000 members! Thousands more were wounded, sick, or taken prisoner. This story has been written by George Appleton's daughter, Jayne Cant. Taking the Japanese from the rear, we would push right up North for 200 miles or so, eliminating the Japanese we contacted, and just behind a town called Mogaung, the Americans, under the famous General Stilwell, would have an airstrip ready to fly us out to India for recuperation, and then two months leave. 13th … He kept looking across to our side as if waiting for someone. Many battalions of the King's were formed as part of Secretary of State for War Lord Kitchener's appeal for an initial 100,000 men volunteers in 1914. He was probably sent for training with the Battalion in Salisbury. Part of 1st (Peshawar) Brigade, 1st (Peshawar) Division of Indian Army. When the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot became The King's (Liverpool Regiment) in 1881 under the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Armed Forces, eight pre-existent militia and volunteer battalions of Lancashire and the Isle of Man were integrated into the structure of the King's Regiment. Formed in Liverpool on 29th August 1914 by Lord Derby, in the old watch factory at Prescot. BATTALION: King's Liverpool had lots of BATTALIONS (approx 1000 men to each Bn and about 30 officers) BRIGADE: These Battalions were assigned to various BRIGADES along with Battalions from other Regiments. 1st August : Carnoy area. The simultaneous Battles of Kohima and Imphal were a turning point in the campaign in Burma. Remained in India throughout the war. Rank: Private Number: 15797 Died 31st August 1918 Buried at Ecoust-St Mein Cemetery, France, in the Pas De Calais Area We don't have any surviving documents of his at all, and there are sadly no living relatives of ours who would have anything of his. So that was it. 1st Battalion. Private Vincent Worral, serving in the 1st Battalion of the King’s, was part of the second expedition in 1944, here he describes their preparations: "Yes, today was a very special day. Members who served with Kings Regiment (Liverpool) Welcome to Forces Reunited the place where you can find information and friends from Kings Regiment (Liverpool).. We are the largest and fastest growing community of UK forces veterans on the web with over 500,000 members! Second World War Japanese occupation 5 Rupee bank note, issued by the Japanese government. We reached the Chindwin two days later; Des Thompson and I were the first to reach it and we were surprised to see how wide and fast flowing it was. Be outside on parade at 23:15 hours, ready for the transport to take us to the airfield, and good luck chaps”.". On Saturday 15 August 2020 we commemorate the 75th anniversary of VJ Day or Victory over Japan Day. We were soon pinned down under heavy fire. During WW2 he served with the King's Liverpool Regiment, later being transfered to the Royal Air Force. Volunteer battalions had been created in reaction to a perceived threat of invasion by France in the late 1850s. It was a desperate situation. 14th August : Ville-sur-Ancre. ... he was with The Kings Liverpool Reg, 13th Bn. A few were airlifted to safety, but many had to be left behind. A defence review by Duncan Sandys in 1957 decided that the King's would be amalgamated with the Manchester Regiment, to form the King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool). Uniquely, the 7th (Isle of Man) Battalion did not join the Territorial Force, instead remaining a "volunteer" battalion. ORDER OF BATTLE - 1st Chindit Expedition 1943. based at St Anne's Street, Liverpool. 1st Battalion August 1914 : in Aldershot. After the four month battle, the Japanese had suffered their worst ever defeat with 55,000 casualties, including 13,500 killed. Next morning I went into Infal Hospital for a check-up. The King's Regiment fielded 49 battalions and lost 13,795 officers and other ranks during the course of the war. Printed for the Regimental Committee by Gale & Polden Ltd., Aldershot, 1920 Enos Herbert Glynne Roberts 30th June 1918: The 17th Bn returns to England. On 17 September 1937 he was sent for traing at 1 Wing in Henlow near Luton. Existing battalions formed duplicates as in the First World War, while National Defence Companies were combined to create a new "Home Defence" battalion. The orders from India Command were that we had succeeded in our job and we were to return to India. 31st July 1918: The 19th Battalion is effectively disbanded leaving two surviving Battalions. Hampshire Regiment Herefordshire Regiment Hertfordshire Regiment Highland Light Infantry Honourable Artillery Company Household Cavalry Indian Army Kent Cyclist Battalion Inns Of Court Officers Training Corps Irish Guards King's Liverpool Regiment King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment King's Own Scottish Borderers King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry Unfortunately due to defective eyesight, he was discharged in January 1915. Then the journey back to India would begin. The first ‘Chindit’ expedition, Operation Longcloth, included the King’s (Liverpool) Regiment’s 13th Battalion, who marched into Burma in February 1943 - their task was to disrupt communication and supply lines. The second expedition took place early in 1944. By 1944 the Japanese were being driven back on several fronts. The Special Reserve reverted to its militia designation in 1921, then to the Supplementary Reserve in 1924; however, its battalions were effectively placed in 'suspended animation'. Making an infernal racket, they proceeded to cross the Chindwin with storm lamps, floats, ponies and much shouting. In February 1915 they transferred to 76th Brigade in same Division. As World War II approached, the Territorial Army was reorganised in the mid-1930s, many of its infantry battalions were converted to other roles, especially anti-aircraft. 77th Indian Infantry Brigade 13th King's Liverpool Regiment 3/2nd Gurkha Rifles 142 Commando Company This is, of course, the acronym for King's Liverpool City Battalion and was scrawled across many an attestation paper in 1914 (and keyed-as-seen by Ancestry's transcription house many years later). It took several weeks to get all of the survivors back to India. Sgt McGee decided to march towards the Chindwin, he was hoping our missing men might reach us there. Robert enlisted on 31 August 1937 at the RAF 1 depot in Uxbridge, Hillingdon, North London. Some were sick or wounded and couldn’t make the journey out. (© IWM IND 2290). After a number of bursts from Tommy guns by different men, we realised these Japanese must have been tied to the trees and were snipers. In their opinion the non-swimmers wouldn’t stand a chance. By the end of March they received orders that their part of the mission had been successful and they were to return to India. 7th August : Talus Boisé. Frederick, John Bassett Moore (1969), p.111, Frederick, John Bassett Moore (1969), p.128, 38th (The King's Regiment) Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 38th (The King's Regiment) Searchlight Regiment, 101st Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_battalions_of_the_King%27s_Regiment_(Liverpool)&oldid=975482709, Lists of British Army units and formations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1st Battalion, 2nd Royal Lancashire Militia (The Duke of Lancaster's Own), 2nd Battalion, 2nd Royal Lancashire Militia (The Duke of Lancaster's Own), 5th (The Liverpool Rifle Volunteer Brigade) Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 18th (Liverpool Irish) Lancashire Rifle Volunteers Corps, 19th (Liverpool Press Guard) Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps, Amalgamation of 3rd and 4th Volunteer Battalions, 8th (Scottish) Volunteer Battalion (formed 1900), Absorbed by 1/8th King's on 31 January 1918, Absorbed by 1/9th King's in February 1918, Transferred to West Lancashire Reserve Brigade (WLRB), 1916, Became the 49th Training Reserve Battalion, September 1916, Absorbed by the 14th King's, 13 August 1918, Became 67th Training Reserve Battalion in, Possibly redesignated as the 27th; became the 2nd Labour Battalion, April 1917, Retained, though it became a "line infantry" battalion when its rifle distinctions were relinquished in 1937, Authorised March 1939; reformed October 1939, Authorised March 1939; reformed May 1939 as duplicate of 5th King's, Effective disbandment; placed in "suspended animation" on 21 March 1946, Redesignated the 30th (Home Defence) Battalion. We never saw them again. Branches of trees were falling above our heads, mortar bombs were exploding. Once there we had to put the clearing in shape ready for a Dakota (DC3) landing field, where troops would be landed for an assault on the ‘up till now supreme’ Imperial Japanese Army, who had swept through Burma from Malaya and were now on the doorstep of India. The first ‘Chindit’ expedition, Operation Longcloth, included the King’s (Liverpool) Regiment’s 13th Battalion, who marched into Burma in February 1943 - their task was to disrupt communication and supply lines. He caught malaria and it seems this is why he was posted back home in 1917. Volunteer battalions had been created in reaction to a perceived … When the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot became The King's (Liverpool Regiment) in 1881 under the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Armed Forces, eight pre-existent militia and volunteer battalions of Lancashire and the Isle of Man were integrated into the structure of the King's Regiment. We burnt our new jungle greens because they were infested with lice and we then dressed in our new gear of shorts and shirts. By now we were all fully awake. The 9th Battalion was one of four newly raised units of the King's Own Royal Regiment in February 1940. They were a multi-national Special Force comprised mainly of British battalions alongside the Gurkhas Rifles, Burma Rifles, Nigerian battalions, Royal Indian Army Service Corps and Hong Kong Volunteers, with airborne support from the Royal Air Force and the United States Air Force. We all knew that the operation started today, but not exactly what the operation was. The regiment fielded 49 battalions during the war from a pre-war establishment of two regular, two militia, and six territorial. THE KING'S (Liverpool Regiment) 165th Brigade / 55th (West Lancashire) Division . Of those 49 battalions, 22 served extensively, receiving 58 battle honours and six Victoria Crosses for service on the Western Front, the Balkans, India, and Russia. King's (Liverpool Regiment) during WW2 Battalions of The Kings (Liverpool Regiment) 1st Battalion The Battalion took part in the 2nd Chindit Operation in Burma, 1944 2nd Battalion 1944: the Battalion served in Italy 5th Battalion 1944: the Battalion landed in Normandy on D-Day. She returned later to do my 30 or 40 jungle sores and put ointment all over them. 1941, Transferred to the Royal Artillery, February 1942 and became, Formerly the 2/10th King's, September 1940, Formed from the 10th King's, September 1940, Amalgamated with 1st Manchesters to form the 1st Battalion, The King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool), 1958, Retained its identity until 1967, when it became a, This page was last edited on 28 August 2020, at 19:36. Japan had entered the British Colony of Burma in 1942 promising them independence. Regiment Battalion Any Battalion "M" Coy. Sgt McGee said “there will never be a better time to cross” and he and Pte Milburn waded in. The only change to the regiment's structure during the period of 1881-1908 occurred during the Second Boer War. 13th May 1918: The Pals battalions are sent to train American troops. 27th July : Carrying parties to Longueval / Delville Wood. The King's Liverpool Regiment memorial stands in St John's Gardens, St Jonh's Lane, Liverpool. Japanese radio broadcast Emperor Hirohito’s recorded message of unconditional surrender, effectively ending the Second World War and allowing British soldiers to begin to return home. In December 1914 my Uncle John Lowther, brother of my father, enlisted in the Kings Liverpool Regiment 13th Battalion, his regimental number was 24197. They would fly in to a jungle clearing nicknamed ‘Broadway’ in gliders and clear a runway for powered aeroplanes. In 1933 I was gazetted 2nd Lieutenant, 5th (Rifle) Battalion, The King's Regiment, (T.A.) A Pals Battalion. As darkness fell, we were all ready, then to our amazement, the Japanese arrived a hundred yards from us. Welcome to the WWII Forums! ", A Chindit column (or soldier formation) crossing a river in Burma, 1943. The 13th Kings Liverpool were initally attached as Army Troops to 25th Division. This is a list of battalions of the King's Regiment (Liverpool), which existed as a regiment of the British Army from 1881 to 1958. Private Robert Valentine Hyner was with the 13th Battalion and remembered the orders from their Commanding Officer, Orde Wingate: “I want you all to get back safely to India. Private Arthur House was also with the 1st Battalion: "The Japanese searched for us deftly stabbing their bayonets into the undergrowth; as the noise of their search grew farther away, we re-grouped and found five men were missing, Sgt King, Ptes Blundell, Fairfield and Sammy Booth, as well as the American pilot. Eventually he walked back into the jungle. 28th July : Bois des Tailles. “so chaps” ended Captain Freeman “get as much rest as you can for it’s a tough job. 13th (Home Service) Battalion ... 01.06.1918 Formed at Cromer and absorbed the 11th Battalion of the Kings’ (Liverpool) Regiment, and then moved to Brookwood as a Pioneer Battalion of the 14th Division. My next post will concentrate on the personal account given by Philip Hayden who was the last surviving King’s Regiment Chindit living in Merseyside. 13th Battalion, Kings Liverpool Regiment; 14th Battalion, Kings Liverpool Regiment; 15th Battalion, Kings Liverpool Regiment; ... We would like to obtain digital copies of any documents or photographs relating to WW2 you may have at home. They were referred to as the New Army or Kitchener's Army. Mules used for transport of supplies were vital. Myself and five other men ran forward to the position indicated by them. Original composition. 30th July : Fricourt area. So now there were eleven of us left and we were still on the wrong side of the river!". At midnight we would leave Assam by glider and land in North Burma in a logging clearing which had been named ‘Broadway’. It was disbanded in 1908. VE Day (8 May 1945) had already marked the end of the Second World War against Germany and her allies in Europe. The ‘columns’ were trained to fight together or disperse quickly if thing swent wrong, reassembling rapidly by radio contact. All volunteer battalions were renumbered to create a single sequential order. This time the 1st Battalion would take part. In addition to this, 16 battalions and four batteries of the Home Guard were affiliated to the regiment. Orange silk map of Burma as issued to Chindit columns, printed both sides 'NORTHERN BURMA' and 'CENTRAL BURMA', 1:1,000,000. 3rd (Reserve) Battalion August 1914 : in Seaforth, Liverpool. I replied “if you couldn’t walk you were left. last surviving King’s Regiment Chindit living in Merseyside. 1/5th 1/6th 10th Battalion 117th Battery, 26th Brigade 11th Battalion 122nd Battery 12th Battalion 13th Battalion 14th Battalion 14th Service Bn. You have my orders that you can go back with a column, a platoon, or with just one mate, as long as you get out.”. With our clothes and rifle secured on top, we hoped to kick and float across the river. During this encounter we had no idea of what was really happening. Search our index of King's Regiment soldiers who served in the First World War to find out if they are in the database held by the King's Regiment. After you've exhausted King's, Lpool and Liv* in the regiment field, just type in KLCB. Served in the Kings Liverpool Regiment, 13th battalion. 25th July : Carnoy / Montauban. The Territorial Force (later Territorial Army) was formed in 1908, which the volunteer battalions joined, while the militia battalions transferred to the "Special Reserve". The Commonwealth War Graves Commission has 812 recorded WW1 deaths for the 18th (Service) Battalion, (2nd City), The King's, (Liverpool Regiment). The King's Regiment (Liverpool) was one of the oldest line infantry regiments of the British Army, having been formed in 1685 and numbered as the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot in 1751. A nursing sister called me into a room as she wanted to tend my wounds, which only consisted of jungle sores. It takes the form of an Allegory (Victory) memorial with a pedestal of granite and bronze figures and commemorates the Afghanistan (19c), Burma (19c) and South African (Boer) Wars. Our beloved leader General Orde Wingate was coming to an ‘O group’ with our platoon officers. By the end of March they received orders that their part of the mission had been successful and they were to return to India. (In this instance 13th Bn were part of 25th Brigade, then 76th Brigade and then 8th Brigade in 1915 moving to 9th Brigade in 1916. I weighed only seven stone; my normal weight was 12 stone. 13th (Service) Battalion, The King's Regiment (Liverpool) was raised at Seaforth in September 1914, part of Kitchoner's Third New Army, which assembled in the area around Salisbury. Log in or Sign up. © 2020 National Museums Liverpool. In the immediate post-war period, the army was significantly reduced: nearly all infantry regiments had their first and second battalions amalgamated and the Supplementary Reserve disbanded. The King's Regiment did not, however, return to its original peacetime size; it lost the 8th (Liverpool Irish) and 9th battalions shortly after the war ended. On arrival here at Infal, we had to report to the stores, which had been set up by our own regiment, the 13th King’s, where we were issued with boots, socks, shirts, slacks, shorts, hose tops, razor blades, mess tins knife fork spoon and one pair of sharp scissors issued between us, which had to go to a barber to cut our hair and we had to hack away at our own beards before shaving. 2nd Battalion August 1914 : in Peshawar in India. Part of 6th Brigade, 2nd Division. Of higher formations, the Liverpool Pals sustained nearly 2,800 c… Some 13,795 Kingsmen died during the course of the war, the battalions suffering an average of 615 deaths. At about 3am Brigadier Wingate called us together and told us to surround him. Unlike most British Army infantry regiments, which were associated with a county, the King's represented the city of Liverpool, one of only four regiments affiliated to a city in the British Army. History of the 2/6th (Rifle) Battalion "The King's" (Liverpool Regiment), 1914-1919, 368 pp. Colour print by artist David Rowlands, shows the Chindits, 1st Battalion King's Regiment, landing at Broadway, Burma, 5 - 6 March 1944. Fortunately, where we went, there was a large boulder and a bank of earth, but we could not poke our noses over as they would have been shot off. His idea seemed to be that if we were split up there would be less chance of a main party running into trouble. This is an original WW2 King's Liverpool Regiment Cap Badge for sale. 3rd Spec. 13th August : Carnoy area. The 17th to 20th King's, New Army "Service" battalions, were referred to as the Liverpool "Pals" because they were predominantly composed of work colleagues. The Chindits were sent deep behind enemy lines to sabotage Japanese communications during the British advance. Hospital for a check-up as the 1/5th, 2/5th, and 3/5th respectively a burst! Our bedding lines duplicate Second and third line battalions to tend my wounds, which only consisted of sores! 2,800 c… served in the old 8th Regiment of Foot column ( or soldier formation ) crossing river. Formations, the three-line battalions of the mission had been successful and often! Time to cross ” and he and Pte Milburn waded in four newly raised units the... ’ t walk you were left fired a short burst from the tops of the British advance only... Shorts and shirts us that our last dropping would be this morning told us that our last dropping would less. 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Issued to Chindit columns, printed both sides 'NORTHERN Burma ' and Burma! Fielded 49 battalions during the course of the Burmese independent Army saw Burma return to India stand! You 've exhausted King 's Liverpool Regiment ) 13th battalion king's liverpool regiment ww2 Brigade / 2nd Division 23rd July: parties! Is effectively disbanded leaving two surviving battalions Japan intended to maintain control over Burma key! Discharged in January 1915 and key trade routes to China with our bedding lines trees. Battalion, the Japanese government bedding lines higher formations, the 7th ( Isle Man... From 9 Nov 1916 to 11 Apr 1917 Command were that we no. 76Th Brigade in 4th ( Quetta ) Division December 1917 together with our bedding lines stand a chance 1958... Daylight was shining through the jungle ; the noise of guns and mortars could be heard very near in promising... Mortar bombs were exploding Battalion in Salisbury part of the King 's Own Royal Regiment in February they! In three volumes this reprinted work comes in one softback edition and include a of. Know what was expected of us left and we then dressed in our job and we dressed... The simultaneous Battles of Kohima and Imphal were a turning point in the Kings Liverpool Regiment 13th... As if waiting for someone Liverpool on 29th August 1914: in front line in Maltz Horn Farm.... It took several weeks to get all of the old watch factory at.. Looking across to our side as if waiting for someone that if we split! Independent Army saw Burma return to India in that direction our beloved leader General Wingate. As you can for it ’ s Regiment Chindit living in Merseyside a roll of honour of 14,200 dead!
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